About 8 years ago, I decided to investigate the various flood legends across the world for a school oral presentation. I went as far as back as ancient Mesopotamia to gather information.
As we all know the story of the Biblical Flood, I will simply rehash over it:
The world was full of sin even down to the thoughts and imaginations in their hearts. God saw all this and it broke His heart, so He decided to send a great flood to wipe clean the earth of all of man’s wickedness. Only one man found grace in God’s eyes, Noah. God told Noah to build an Ark and for 120 years he did. All of the instructions were given by God and He Himself shut the Ark from the inside. For 40 days and nights it rained on the earth. The earth split open and the water canopy that covered the earth from above poured down onto the earth. It was almost a year before Noah and his family could come out and the rest you can read in the Book of Genesis chapters 8.
Aside from this account, there are over a 1,000 worldwide flood legends from every culture across the globe. The oldest recorded (it is important to note that not all the legends are written ones and most cultures back then practiced oral traditions) flood legend is that of the Gilgamesh Epic, a 12-tablet epic poem written by ancient Babylonians between 2150 – 1400 BC.
But what evidence in the present do we have that such a flood occurred? Well, let’s get digging.
We know from recent floods that a great amount of devastation occurs when there is a flood, but how much would there be if a world-wide flood occurred? The most obvious would be the fault lines all over the globe, proving that something at some point in history tore the earth wide open with such fierceness that it left permanent scars on the outer crust, covering the earth with about a mile of sediment that appear to have been formed by a catastrophic flood.
A team of underwater archaeologists went on an expedition to the Black Sea searching for evidence of such a flood. 400 ft below the surface they discovered an underwater shoreline, proving that a catastrophic event did occur in the Black Sea. From carbon-dating shells found along the shoreline they were able to estimate that a flood did occur 5,000 years ago.
But is the Baltic the only evidence we have that a worldwide flood did occur?
We find fossils all over the world in places they shouldn’t be. We find fossilized mammoths still with undigested food in their stomach. We find fish fossilized in the middle of giving birth. One bizarre example is a fossilized clam that was found on the top of Mt. Everest in the closed position, which is peculiar because when a clam dies it opens up. So why are there fossilized clams in the closed position on top of Mt. Everest? How did they get there? Well, if we assume a flood did occur then we have to ask ourselves if the earth we see today is the same as the earth in Noah’s day. We can see how natural disasters can affect the topography of countries today, so why wouldn’t a global flood do the same, but on a global scale?
I have already pointed out the fault lines all over the earth, but what about the oceans? Were they the same as they are today? Today 71% of the earth is covered by water, whereas only 29% of it is land. Some scientists have posited that the earth before the Flood was much different from the one we see today. They suggest that the earth was mostly land and that the oceans were a lot smaller than they are today. If this is indeed the case, as they suggest, then it would further prove that the waters from above (a water canopy shielding the earth from the solar rays) and the waters from below (the subterranean water chambers) once they had burst would have enlarged our oceans and created the great seas we see today.
Sedimentary rock layers are another thing to be considered. We find rather large amounts of mud and sand deposited onto the continents and ocean floors to form these sedimentary layers. We can see these layers spreading across continents, sometimes even between continents. The physical features in the strata indicate that they were deposited rapidly. Examples of this are Tapeats Sandstone and The Redwall Limestone of Grand Canyon, which can be traced across the U.S up into Canada and even across the Atlantic Ocean into England. The famous chalk beds of England also known as the White Cliffs of Dover can be traced across Europe, into the Middle East and as far as the Midwest of the U.S. and even into Australia. The Coconino Sandstone of Grand Canyon is evidence of 10,000 cubic miles of sand being deposited by huge water currents within only a few days.
These layers that we have mentioned had to have been moved by rapid currents over long distances. How else could they have spread so far, as in the example mentioned above, the Coconino Sandstone. It is thought that ripple marks indicate that this process would take 300 million years, but this would only be possible within a few weeks due to a great flood. There is also evidence of rapid erosion, sometimes no erosion at all, which leads us to believe that layers of rock were rapidly folded and curved while wet and pliable, as once strata hardens there is no way it will bend without fracturing. The Tapeats Standstone of Grand Canyon is a prime examples of strata bending with no evidence of breaking. To suppose that these layers were formed over millions of years is impossible as the strata would have hardened going directly against the evidence that it was still wet and pliable.
Let’s consider something often found in the oceans, chevrons. Chevrons are wedge-shaped configurations in the sand created by waves producing tremendous force. Evidence of these chevrons were found by HIWG via satellite-imagery in Africa and Aisa.
The nutrients and minerals found in these layers would have then been dissolved providing a good food source for the phytoplankton found in the oceans enabling them to grow in this warm, nutrient-rich environment. With the presence of this phytoplankton, zooplankton would be able to develop forming the basis for the entire food chain. Underwater volcanoes would have erupted and great fissures beneath the ocean’s floor would have burst open releasing CO². If the phytoplankton absorbed all this released CO² it would lower the levels of CO² in the atmosphere, thus contributing to the Ice Age. This all would have been caused by the tremendous heat and pressure released during such a traumatic event.
From all the above evidence we can see that at some point in history a catastrophic event occurred that dramatically changed our earth.
There is a lot of debate over this among the scientific community. Some believe it was only a local flood, while others believe it was indeed a global flood as stated in the book of Genesis chapters 6 – 8.
Whether you believe in a global flood or not is for you to decide. I, however, choose to believe that there was a Great Flood that happened thousands of years ago.
I hope you found this article interesting and informative. Thank you for your continued support my avidReaders.